Understanding the psychological aspects of drug dependence

understanding the psychological aspects of drug dependence The full text of articles from apa help center may be reproduced and distributed for noncommercial purposes with credit given to the american psychological association.

Most individuals or references that refer to psychological dependence are referring to the cognitive and emotional aspects of addictive behaviors or the withdrawal process from drugs or alcohol as opposed to attempting to classify certain substances or activities as being psychologically addictive or physically addictive the symptoms associated with the psychological components of addictive. Even if drug addiction originates because of some biological process, recovery from drug use requires people to become motivated to make significant changes. Since addiction is a harmful, maladaptive behavior, psychological models are very useful for understanding why people engage in this unhealthy behavior psychologists propose several possible causes of addiction.

To someone who has never experienced it before it can be difficult to understand how all-consuming a drug addiction or alcoholism can be but while other diseases attack specific parts of the body or brain, addiction attacks nearly every aspect of human physiology and psychology all at once. Addiction involves both physical and psychological aspects physical addiction is easy to understand when someone abuses drugs or alcohol, especially over a long period of time, it causes changes in the brain’s neurotransmitters. For this reason, it is critical to have an understanding of the signs of addiction there are behavioral, physical, and psychological aspects of addiction the psychological signs of drug addiction may include but are not limited to: anxiousness (such as ritalin) and are the most commonly abused drugs in this category in addition to. Cognition is central to drug addiction recent research shows that drug abuse alters cognitive activities such as decision-making and inhibition, likely setting the stage for addiction and relapse.

While the individual patient, rather than his or her disease, is the appropriate focus of treatment for opioid abuse, an understanding of the neurobiology of dependence and addiction can be invaluable to the clinician. When it comes to alcohol and drugs the individual will usually develop both a physical and psychological addiction the way this usually happens is that the person develops a psychological dependence first of all, and this drives them to keep using the drugs until they become physically addiction as well. Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking, continued use despite harmful consequences, and long-lasting changes in the brain it is considered both a complex brain disorder and a mental illness.

Psychosocial factors in alcohol use and alcoholism 181 there is no single, simple explanation for why dependence clearly, different factors may in-fluence different aspects of drinking, such as child’s risk of having psychological characteristics associated with risk for alcoholism recently, for example, a research team identified. Dependence on a drug can be physical, psychological or both many daily drug users demonstrate signs of both the physical and psychological aspects of drug dependence are closely related and can be difficult to separate (often workers in the aod field talk only of dependence)however, there are some differences. Addiction psychology mostly comprises the clinical psychology and abnormal psychology disciplines and fosters the application of information obtained from research in an effort to appropriately diagnose, evaluate, treat, and support clients dealing with addiction. The psychological basis of addiction posted august 15, and we became stuck on the idea that drugs were an integral aspect of addiction and, of course, some drugs used in addictions (but not all) can produce physical dependence, and that fact seemed extremely important, and it set drug addictions apart from non-drug compulsive behaviors.

Many daily drug users demonstrate signs of boththe physical and psychological aspects of drug dependence are closely related and can be difficult to separate” they continue to tell us that both, together, are often collectively referred to as dependence. Addiction is a psychological condition that describes a compulsion to take a drug or engage in other harmful behaviors individuals can develop addictions to illicit street drugs, prescription medications, and even activities such as gambling. The psychological effects of drug addiction come from the reason the user is addicted to drugs, as well as the changes that take place in the brain once a person becomes a drug addict. Under this model, both the positive (drug liking) and negative (drug withdrawal) aspects of drug addiction are accounted for a specific way that the da neurons can become dysfunctional relates to an alteration in their baseline (“resting”) levels of electrical activity and da release ( grace, 2000 .

Addiction - there is a psychological/physical component the person is unable to control the aspects of the addiction without help because of the mental or physical conditions involved habit - it. The physical aspects of opioid dependency improve after detox but psychological addiction, temptation, and craving can last for years, even a lifetime the truth is, most people will relapse on. Neuroscientific theories require an understanding of the effects of drugs on the brain, and box 41 outlines the actions of each of the preparatory aspects of reward, which are experienced as thrill, urgency, or craving in contrast, the opioid system is associated with differences in liability to drug dependence because of genetic. Drug addiction treatment can include behavioral therapy (eg, counseling, cognitive therapy, or psychotherapy), medications, or their combination case management and referral to other medical, psychological, and social services are crucial components of treatment for many people as well.

Introduction to tolerance, physical dependence and withdrawal carrie g markgraf, md, phd discontinuation of drug • psychological dependence tolerance reveals an aspect neuroadaption and may contribute to the development of dependence however. Drugs, psychological conditions, and drug abuse rehabs the psychological effects of drug abuse can vary depending on the type, quantity and longevity of substance(s) used on one hand, some individuals may experience mild side effects such as anxiety or confusion. With regards to addiction per se, the term is actually falling out favor because psychological dependence is now associated with a number of compulsive behaviors that are not necessarily defined by abuse of a medication or drug.

This chapter presents a brief overview of the underlying neurobiology of drug addiction and suggests a perspective with which to put the neurobiological findings in context with the social, psychological, and environmental aspects of drug addiction. These new aspects of endocrine and nervous system function are key to the increased understanding of addiction they have major roles in perception, cognition, and expression but more importantly, they regulate and determine moods, emotions and motivations. The longer an addiction lasts, the more stress and strain it puts on the individual there is an overwhelming number of long-term physical and emotional effects addiction can have that can easily turn a healthy man or woman into a frail shadow of their former self. Understanding your addiction is key to knowing how to beat it and stay clean however, you’ve heard two different terms – psychological and physical addiction – that have left you with more questions than answers.

understanding the psychological aspects of drug dependence The full text of articles from apa help center may be reproduced and distributed for noncommercial purposes with credit given to the american psychological association.
Understanding the psychological aspects of drug dependence
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